The Growing Cities Report by Toronto-based Neptis Foundation compared the growth of Vancouver, Calgary and Toronto, as reported in Calgary Herald, a Calgary-based newsletter.
Image Source neptis.org
The report focused on growth in in respect to the city’s plan and policy, and the similarities and differences of the three cities being compared.
Vancouver, Calgary and Toronto have all experienced growth in 1991-2001, but the cities differ in many ways:
- Each city if governed by a different configuration of provincial, regional and municipal institutions for land use planning, policy and infrastructure provision.
- Each city has a different physical context (barriers to urban development). Calgary and Toronto have a small water body in the province, while Vancouver is not only by the sea, but also attached to the US border, making the Vancouver developing area more condensed.
- Each city has a different reputation in the planning community. Calgary and Toronto are criticized for their scarse developmental planning whereas Vancouver is considered an ideal in planning for sustainable development.
Primarily, Calgary’s development is outside urban areas the report calls greenfield development, and they’re mostly single-family homes. Contrastingly, Vancouver’s developments are mostly intensification, adding in already urbanized and populated areas. Instead of single-family homes, Vancouver favours highrises and condominiums to maximize the growth. The statistics show that Vancouver’s growth in urban land is less than the growth in population and housing, meaning that we are growing in people and available residential choices while we’re not using much more land. Calgary’s case is exactly the opposite. Toronto’s statistics is close to par.
Calgary-Photo Source esl-languages.com
Calgary’s urban fringe is a result of consumer preference for low-density housing, resulting in no particular areas or communities being developed. Whereas in Vancouver, we reognize a certain cities growing drastically in the past years, like Richmond, Burnaby and Coquitlam.
To read the full article, visit Calgary Herald‘s Website.